Warbirth/Timeline

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Rise of Kings: Warbirth is punctuated by three important events: the end of the Bronze Age, the conflicts that took place at its ending, and the rise and fall of the Middle and Late Assyrian Empires.

Introduction[edit]

Bronze Age[edit]

1472 BCE Mittani annexes Assyria.

14th century BCE[edit]

1400 BCE Assyria regains its independence. 1353 BCE - 1318 BCE Reign of Ashur-Uballit I who conquers the Hittites and expands Assyria's territory. 1353 BCE - 1318 BCE King Ashur-Ubalit I frees Assyria from Mitanni rule. 1307 BCE - 1275 BCE Reign of Assyrian King Adad-Nirari I, Mitanni becomes vassal state. 1307 BCE - 1275 BCE Reign of Adad Nirari I, King of Assyria.

13th century BCE[edit]

c. 1250 BCE Shalmaneser I of Assyria conquers the kingdom of Mitanni and defeats its allies. c. 1245 BCE Battle of Nihriya: Tukulti-Ninurta I of Assyria defeats Tudḫalia IV of the Hittites. 1244 BCE - 1208 BCE Reign of Tukulti-Ninurta I, King of Assyria. 1244 BCE - 1208 BCE Reign of Tukulti-Ninurta I, Hittites conquered. c. 1225 BCE Tukulti-Ninurta I sacks Babylon. 1220 BCE Babylon is under Assyrian control.

Heroic Age[edit]

12th century BCE[edit]

1200BCE: massacre in Germany 1177BCE around this year and for decades thereafter, the great Bronze Age civilisations of the Eastern Mediterranean are slowly wiped out, eventually leaving Assyria reduced in size, and Egypt critically weakened. 1115 BCE - 1076 BCE Reign of Tiglath-Pileser I of Assyria who conquers Phoenicia and revitalizes the empire.

11th century BCE[edit]

10th century BCE[edit]

912 BCE - 891 BCE Reign of Adad Nirari II who revitalizes kingdom and secures borders.

Axial Age[edit]

9th century BCE[edit]

900 BCE - 800 BCE Surviving sphinxes from the Assyrian civilization, usually placed as guards outside palaces. 884 BCE - 859 BCE Rule of king Ashurnasirpal II of Assyria who moves capital from Ashur to Kalhu (Caleh).


c. 879 BCE - c. 627 BCE Ashur remains an important spiritual center for Assyria, though no longer the capital. 853 BCE Babylonian kings depend on Assyrian military support. 841 BCE Israel pays tribute to Assyria. 824 BCE - 811 BCE Reign of King Shamshi Adad V under whose reign civil war erupts.


8th century BCE[edit]

746 BCE Ashur Nirari V, King of Assyria, deposed in palace coup. Tiglath Pileser III assumes the throne. 745 BCE - 727 BCE Reign of Tiglath Pileser III who restructures government and military and expands empire. 745 BCE - 727 BCE Reign of Tiglath Pileser III, King of Assyria. 729 BCE Babylon is occupied by Assyrians. 729 BCE Tiglath Pileser III reigns at height as King of Babylon and Assyria. 727 BCE - 722 BCE Reign of Shalmaneser V. 722 BCE - 705 BCE Reign of Sargon II of Assyria. Capital moved from Kalhu to Dur-Sharrukin. 722 BCE - 705 BCE Reign of King Sargon II of Assyria. 722 BCE - 612 BCE The Sargonid Dynasty of Assyria. 722 BCE - 705 BCE Peak of the Assyrian empire under the reign of Sargon II. 722 BCE - 705 BCE Reign of Sargon II of Assyria. 721 BCE Israel is conquered by Assyria. 719 BCE - 717 BCE Border wars between Assyria and The Kingdom of Urartu. c. 713 BCE Zakutu is associated with the crown prince of Assyria Sennacherib. 710 BCE - 707 BCE Sargon II resides at Babylon, rules Assyria from Babylonian court. 709 BCE Mita of the Mushki (possibly King Midas) allies with King Sargon II of Assyria. 705 BCE Sennacherib moves capital from Dur-Sharrukin to Nineveh. 705 BCE - 681 BCE Reign of king Sennacherib of Assyria. 701 BCE King Sennacherib of Assyria sacks the city of Lachish in Judah but fails to take the capital Jerusalem.

7th century BCE[edit]

681 BCE - 669 BCE Reign of Esarhaddon who expands the empire. c. 676 BCE Scythians and Mannaens attack Assyria. 671 BCE Egypt is conquered by Assyria. 671 BCE Second Egyptian Campaign, Assyrian army successfully captures Memphis and conquers Egypt. c. 669 BCE - c. 668 BCE Issuance of the Loyal Treaty of Queen of Assyria Naqia-Zakutu, ensuring the succession of Ashurbanipal as king. 668 BCE - 627 BCE Reign of Ashurbanipal, King of Assyria, last king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire. 668 BCE Ashurbanipal succeeds his father as King of the Assyrian Empire. 668 BCE - 627 BCE Reign of Ashurbanipal, the last great king of Assyria. 653 BCE Egypt expels Assyrians. 648 BCE War between Assyria and the Elamites. 627 BCE Revolts break out following the death of Ashurbanipal, empire begins to fail. 627 BCE Death of King Ashurbanipal. 612 BCE The great Assyrian cities of Ashur, Kalhu, and Nineveh are sacked and burned by the Medes, Babylonians, and Persian forces. 612 BCE Downfall of the Assyrian empire. 605 BCE - 549 BCE Babylon rules over the Assyrian regions. c. 600 BCE Assyrians control the Fertile Crescent.